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MCMH: Middle Class Mass Housing in Europe, Africa and Asia

The goal of the project is to carry out a compared analysis of Middle Class Mass Housing (MCMH) in Europe, Africa and Asia, introducing new case studies to deepen the existing research, made with successfully tested methodologies: survey, catalogue and contextualization of housing complexes built between the 1950s and the 1980s in Italy, Belgium,Portugal, Angola and China.

FUNDING: The project is funded by Fundação para a
Ciência e Tecnologia, assigned amount €238834,37.
YEAR: 2018-2021
COORDINATION: Ana Vaz Milheiro (PI)
Inês Lima Rodrigues (Co-PI)
PARTNERS: Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia
ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
DINÂMIA’CET
Universidade Agostinho Neto
Uniersiteit Antwerpen
Politecnico di Milano

Docomomo Angola
Docomomo Belgium
Docomomo Macao

MCMH: Middle Class Mass Housing in Europe, Africa and Asia

The goal of the project is to carry out a compared analysis of Middle Class Mass Housing (MCMH) in Europe, Africa and Asia, introducing new case studies to deepen the existing research, made with successfully tested methodologies: survey, catalogue and contextualization of housing complexes built between the 1950s and the 1980s in Italy, Belgium,Portugal, Angola and China.

The team consists of Portuguese, Italian, Belgian, Macanese and Angolan researchers, architects, architectural historians and sociologists. External partners (Docomomo Angola, Belgium and Macao) ensure the fieldwork, assisted by 4 consultants.

FUNDING: The project is funded by Fundação para a
Ciência e Tecnologia, assigned amount €238834,37.
YEAR: 2018-2021
COORDINATION: Ana Vaz Milheiro (PI)
Inês Lima Rodrigues (Co-PI)
PARTNERS: Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia
ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
DINÂMIA’CET
Universidade Agostinho Neto
Uniersiteit Antwerpen
Politecnico di Milano

Docomomo Angola
Docomomo Belgium
Docomomo Macao
Summary

It is intended to identify the existing housing and urban models and to map the changes after 50 years of use in order to understand how they have adapted to current (urban and social) conditions, and to support future actions.

The case studies are located in the peripheries of Milan, Antwerp, Lisbon, Luanda and Macao, in areas that they helped to consolidate, and were selected by:

1) scale;
2) number of inhabitants;
3) accessibility;
4) urban and architectural quality.

Based on on-going national studies, a cross-reading that reflects the expansion of cities in the context of demographic growth after WWII is proposed. 

The impact of residential models developed by architects in European contexts will be analysed, and also their transposition to territories formerly under colonial rule.

The studies that analyse the transcontinental housing panorama under an architectural and sociological perspective are confined to some regional cases, not assuring a more global vision that includes:

1) The historical description of the physical evolution of the dwelling, the building and the neighbourhood;
2) The survey and analysis of their inhabitants’ profile;

We want to assess the resilience of these complexes, including testing and proposing ways to prolong its life by updating the functional organization of the apartments, by renewing theinfrastructures and building systems and by outlining the profile of its residents.

Special attention will be given to the way of promotion (public or private) and its effect on the profile of the current inhabitants (pioneer, recent, immigrant).

The neighbourhoods are characterized by high population density, building height (block and tower) and architectural expressions of modern affiliation. Unrelated to the built landscape by their unitary character, some complexes suggest the idea of ‘ghettoisation’. Currently, they are in full use (although some are deteriorated).

The goals will be achieved by:

1. Documentation and Archive2. Description and creation of inventory in GIS and HPIP3. Redrawing4. Analysis of the conservation state5. Observation of the urban situation and description of the profile evolution of current populations6. Questionnaires of occupation and social satisfaction (neighbourhood/dwelling)7. Qualitative interviews to deep-rooted groups (social and  cultural groups of belonging)
Team

The team consists of Portuguese, Italian, Belgian, Macanese and Angolan researchers, architects, architectural historians and sociologists.

External partners (Docomomo Angola, Belgium and Macao) ensure the fieldwork, assisted by 4 consultants.

Sandra Marques Pereira

Researcher

Mónica Pacheco

Researcher

Filipa Fiúza

Researcher

Bruno Macedo Ferreira

Researcher

João Cardim

Researcher

Alexandra Areia

Researcher

Madalena Corte-Real

Researcher

Leonor Matos Silva

Researcher

Gaia Caramellino

Researcher

Nicole De Togni

Researcher

Els De Vos

Researcher

Filomena Espírito Santo

Researcher

Rui Leão

Researcher

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